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Saco-Indonesia.com - Setelah perjuangan panjang, Asosiasi Televisi Jaringan Indonesia akhirnya merasa lega. Mahkamah Agung membatalkan peraturan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Tifatul Sembiring soal penyelenggaraan penyiaran televisi digital terestrial penerimaan tetap tidak berbayar berisi 22 pasal mengatur tentang televisi digital.

Tetapi, para pengusaha televisi daerah ini harus kembali gigit jari. Aturan lama hanya berubah nomor menjadi aturan nomor 32 tahun 2013 dengan substansi dan isi sama dengan aturan dibatalkan Mahkamah Agung . Harapan adanya pergantian seleksi tidak terwujud. Perubahan kentara cuma pada pergantian zona layanan. Awalnya dibagi berdasarkan wilayah berganti menjadi per provinsi sesuai jumlah provinsi di Indonesia. Juga tidak ada jangka waktu penutupan kanal analog.

Artinya, para pemilik televisi lama selain menikmati frekuensi analog juga memperoleh keuntungan dari frekuensi digital. Tetapi, bagi para pemilik televisi lokal tidak terkait taipan televisi di Jakarta, harus bersiap mengalokasikan dana gede tanpa perlindungan dalam transisi analog ke digital. Bahkan, beberapa pengusaha televisi analog diminta tidak menuntut ganti rugi kepada pemerintah.

MA ( Mahkamah Agung ) menilai Permen 22 tidak sah. Kehadiran Permen 32 hanya untuk melegalkan yang ilegal, kata Ketua Asosiasi Televisi Jaringan Indonesia Bambang Santoso beberapa waktu lalu dalam diskusi problematik televisi digital.

Menurut target ditetapkan awal tahun lalu, digitalisasi dunia penyiaran dalam negeri mestinya sudah dimulai bertahap. Pada 2015, seluruh televisi saat ini menggunakan jaringan analog harus berubah ke kanal digital.

Perubahan kanal dari analog ke digital ini sebagai kesepakatan Persatuan Telekomunikasi Internasional (ITU). Pada 17 Juni 2015 seluruh dunia wajib berpindah dari penyiaran televisi analog ke penyiaran televisi digital.

Pemerintah menyiapkan sekitar 227 wilayah layanan dibagi dalam dua kategori: daerah ekonomi maju dan daerah ekonomi kurang maju. Tetapi, publik mengkritik slot kanal disediakan oleh pemerintah habis dan dinikmati oleh para pemain lama, seperti MNC Group milik Hary Tanoesoedibjo , Metro TV kepunyaan Surya Paloh , keluarga Bakrie dengan Viva Group, Elang Teknologi (SCTV dan Indosiar) dimiliki keluarga Sariaatmadja, dan Trans Corp dipunyai Chairul Tandjung .

Hitungan kasar, dalam satu wilayah layanan bisa ada ratusan televisi beroperasi. Misalnya di Jawa Barat dengan wilayah paling luas. Dengan sebelas layanan akan hadir sekitar 549 kanal. Saat ini paling tidak ada 90 pemohon kanal televisi digital di Jawa Barat.

Secara substansial, isi aturan lama dan baru tidak jauh berbeda. Semua ini memperlihatkan permen 32 mempertahankan konsentrasi kepemilikan, ujar Direktur Lembaga Pemantau Regulasi dan Regulator Media (PR2Media) Amir Effendi Siregar.

Dia mewanti-wanti Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Tifatul Sembiring agar dunia penyiaran diatur dengan menjamin kebebasan dan demokrasi. Aturan juga mesti berprinsip efisiensi, frekuensi emas, peningkatan kualitas, dan munculnya banyak pemain baru.

Staf Ahli Menteri Komunikasi dan Informasi Hendry Subianto menegaskan pihaknya tetap akan melanjutkan proses digitalisasi dunia penyiaran. Pemerintah menilai putusan Mahkamah Agung tidak bersifat retroaktif. Keputusan MA tersebut tidak membatalkan proses migrasi teknologi sistem televisi analog ke sistem televisi digital, tuturnya.

Pemerintah, kata dia, harus mengupayakan payung hukum bagi perkembangan teknologi agar masyarakat tidak dirugikan. Dia mengimbau masyarakat dan pelaku industri televisi tidak resah karena aturan baru menteri segera terbit.

Editor : Maulana Lee

Sumber : merdeka.com

Berebut kanal digital

From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

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