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Di tempat kerja, sekitar 30% dari tagihan listrik yang telah dihabiskan pada pencahayaan ruang. Mengurangi jumlah konsumsi juga dapat menghemat banyak uang dan juga dapat membantu mengurangi jejak karbon Anda. Ada tiga cara di mana seseorang dapat mengurangi jumlah energi yang dikonsumsi dari pencahayaan :

Kurangi jumlah lampu: tempat kerja Kebanyakan terlalu berlebihan menyala. Hal ini biasanya sebagai hasil dari pencahayaan tukang lebih menentukan persyaratan atau lebih jahat, menjual lampu lebih untuk dapat meningkatkan keuntungan mereka dari fit-out. Sebuah tempat kerja yang khas membutuhkan kualitas cahaya yang baik (hangat, tidak terlalu putih) yang telah memiliki output pencahayaan approx. 600 lux. Saya menantang Anda untuk mendapatkan lux meter dan menguji keluaran cahaya Anda – kemungkinan dalam 1000s tersebut. Untuk dapat mengatasi masalah yang satu ini cukup dapat hanya delamp (menghapus lampu) dari daerah yang lebih dari menyala. Jika salah satu dihapus 50 36W lampu neon dari kantor, tabungan akan setara dengan 2,5 ton CO2e (yaitu setara dengan menghapus sebuah mobil ukuran rata-rata dari jalan selama setahun)

Kurangi jumlah lampu yang tersisa pada: Biasanya lampu di tempat kerja yang tersisa di dalam kamar kosong / ruang pertemuan dan keluar dari jam kantor. Instalasi sensor cahaya (PIR, gerakan, audio atau sensor luminance) atau menjalankan matikan kampanye dapat secara dramatis mengurangi jumlah waktu yang tersisa pada lampu di ruang yang tidak terpakai

Beralih ke teknologi pencahayaan alternatif yang lebih efisien: Saat ini ada banyak energi alternatif pencahayaan efisien yang telah memberikan output cahaya yang cocok untuk sebagian kecil dari konsumsi. Apakah saya mendukung – waktu berikutnya Anda menghidupkan lampu pijar atau lampu halogen, meletakkan tangan Anda dekat cahaya dan merasakan panas. Ini akan terik panas. Mengapa? Karena 90% dari energi yang digunakan untuk dapat menghasilkan cahaya pada kenyataannya diubah menjadi panas. Hal ini sangat tidak efisien – menggunakan energi untuk dapat menciptakan cahaya bahwa sebenarnya menciptakan panas. Alternatif yang efisien energi yang baik termasuk lampu neon kompak (CFL) yang dapat menggantikan incandescents, dan LED (Light Emitting Dioda) yang dapat menggantikan halogen. Lampu LED masih teknologi yang relatif baru lahir Namun, ada sejumlah produk baik yang satu sekarang dapat mengambil di toko DIY lokal yang bertahan lebih lama daripada teknologi yang lebih tua dan memberikan output cahaya yang layak.

Rekomendasi saya adalah untuk dapat menguji beberapa lampu untuk kesesuaian sebelum berinvestasi.

Jika Anda telah memiliki tempat kerja sangat terang itu benar-benar menghabiskan waktu berharga dan usaha untuk mendapatkan kebutuhan pencahayaan yang benar.


From sea to shining sea, or at least from one side of the Hudson to the other, politicians you have barely heard of are being accused of wrongdoing. There were so many court proceedings involving public officials on Monday that it was hard to keep up.

In Newark, two underlings of Gov. Chris Christie were arraigned on charges that they were in on the truly deranged plot to block traffic leading onto the George Washington Bridge.

Ten miles away, in Lower Manhattan, Dean G. Skelos, the leader of the New York State Senate, and his son, Adam B. Skelos, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on accusations of far more conventional political larceny, involving a job with a sewer company for the son and commissions on title insurance and bond work.

The younger man managed to receive a 150 percent pay increase from the sewer company even though, as he said on tape, he “literally knew nothing about water or, you know, any of that stuff,” according to a criminal complaint the United States attorney’s office filed.

The success of Adam Skelos, 32, was attributed by prosecutors to his father’s influence as the leader of the Senate and as a potentate among state Republicans. The indictment can also be read as one of those unfailingly sad tales of a father who cannot stop indulging a grown son. The senator himself is not alleged to have profited from the schemes, except by being relieved of the burden of underwriting Adam.

The bridge traffic caper is its own species of crazy; what distinguishes the charges against the two Skeloses is the apparent absence of a survival instinct. It is one thing not to know anything about water or that stuff. More remarkable, if true, is the fact that the sewer machinations continued even after the former New York Assembly speaker, Sheldon Silver, was charged in January with taking bribes disguised as fees.

It was by then common gossip in political and news media circles that Senator Skelos, a Republican, the counterpart in the Senate to Mr. Silver, a Democrat, in the Assembly, could be next in line for the criminal dock. “Stay tuned,” the United States attorney, Preet Bharara said, leaving not much to the imagination.

Even though the cat had been unmistakably belled, Skelos father and son continued to talk about how to advance the interests of the sewer company, though the son did begin to use a burner cellphone, the kind people pay for in cash, with no traceable contracts.

That was indeed prudent, as prosecutors had been wiretapping the cellphones of both men. But it would seem that the burner was of limited value, because by then the prosecutors had managed to secure the help of a business executive who agreed to record calls with the Skeloses. It would further seem that the business executive was more attentive to the perils of pending investigations than the politician.

Through the end of the New York State budget negotiations in March, the hopes of the younger Skelos rested on his father’s ability to devise legislation that would benefit the sewer company. That did not pan out. But Senator Skelos did boast that he had haggled with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, a Democrat, in a successful effort to raise a $150 million allocation for Long Island to $550 million, for what the budget called “transformative economic development projects.” It included money for the kind of work done by the sewer company.

The lawyer for Adam Skelos said he was not guilty and would win in court. Senator Skelos issued a ringing declaration that he was unequivocally innocent.

THIS was also the approach taken in New Jersey by Bill Baroni, a man of great presence and eloquence who stopped outside the federal courthouse to note that he had taken risks as a Republican by bucking his party to support paid family leave, medical marijuana and marriage equality. “I would never risk my career, my job, my reputation for something like this,” Mr. Baroni said. “I am an innocent man.”

The lawyer for his co-defendant, Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Mr. Christie, a Republican, said that she would strongly rebut the charges.

Perhaps they had nothing to do with the lane closings. But neither Mr. Baroni nor Ms. Kelly addressed the question of why they did not return repeated calls from the mayor of Fort Lee, N.J., begging them to stop the traffic tie-ups, over three days.

That silence was a low moment. But perhaps New York hit bottom faster. Senator Skelos, the prosecutors charged, arranged to meet Long Island politicians at the wake of Wenjian Liu, a New York City police officer shot dead in December, to press for payments to the company employing his son.

Sometimes it seems as though for some people, the only thing to be ashamed of is shame itself.

Finding Scandal in New York and New Jersey, but No Shame

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